United States Senate

“The necessity of a Senate is not less indicated by the propensity of all single and numerous assemblies, to yield to the impulse of sudden and violent passions, and to be seduced by factious leaders into intemperate and pernicious resolutions” – James Madison, Federalist Paper 62 (1787)

The United States Senate offers an exciting opportunity to recreate the debate of the upper house of the American legislature.

Delegates will each research and take on the persona of one of the current members of the United States Senate. Delegates will reflect the current balance of power between the Democratic and Republican parties.

The committee will consider bills rather than resolutions, covering a range of American domestic and foreign policy issues. The bills will be drafted by the Secretariat, but individual delegates will be given the role of bill sponsors with responsibility for ensuring the passage of the bill through the Senate.

Amongst the issues covered by this year’s bills are Congressional term limits, the voting rights of incarcerated people, the “Muslim travel ban”, improving STEM education, limiting presidential power in the imposition of tariffs and the service of transgender people in the armed forces. The simulation covers several topics relevant to A-level Government & Politics specifications.

Participation in the Senate committee requires a basic understanding of the structure and operation of American government and politics. Due to the extensive and varied agenda, it also requires a deeper level of research and knowledge than traditional MUN in order to ensure that the viewpoints of each Senator is accurately represented.

Overview of the Simulation

The conference will begin with the oath of office and a briefing from the Secretariat.

Senators will then meet informally in party caucuses to elect their party leadership and decide on legislative priorities. Each party will elect a Leader and a Whip.

While the party leaders may speak with the authority of representing their party, their parties’ Senators are under no obligation to follow their instructions during the simulation. Party leaders are given no advantage in awards selection – indeed, accurate representation of some Senators may involve a distant relationship from party leadership.

The order that bills are debated will be determined after the Party Caucuses and alternate between Republican and Democratic choices. Senators will have to lobby their own party to receive floor time for their legislative priorities. Some bills may not be debated if they do not receive party support. Either party may grant debate time to bipartisan bills if they choose.

At the end of Friday’s sessions, the party leadership will meet with the President Pro Tempore, the Secretary of the Senate and other secretariat officials to decide the Calendar of Bills – the order in which bills will be debated.

The Senate will use its own rules of procedure.

Each senator will be represented by a single delegate.

More information about the simulation can be found in the Senate Delegate Handbook.

U.S. Senate - Delegate Handbook

The order that bills are debated will be determined after the Party Caucuses on Friday night and alternate between Republican and Democratic choices. Senators will have to lobby their own party to receive floor time for their legislative priorities. There will not be time to debate all bills.

Republican Party Bills

Principal Co-sponsor(s) Bill no. Short Title Official Title Bill Text Study Guide
Sen. Kennedy, John (LA Rep)
Sen. Blackburn (TN Rep)
Sen. Blackburn (TN Rep)
Sen. Thune (SD Rep)
S. 18 The Prenatal Non-Discrimination Act of 2020 A bill to prohibit discrimination against the unborn on the basis of sex, and for other purposes Bill Text Study Guide
Sen. Paul (KY Rep)
Sen. Wicker (MS Rep)
S. 23 The Protecting Life & Ending Taxpayer Funded Abortions Act of 2020 A bill to prohibit Federal funding to entities that do not certify that they will not perform or fund entities that perform abortions including ending Federal funding of the Planned Parenthood Federation of America Bill Text Study Guide
Sen. McConnell (KY Rep)
Sen. Cornyn (TX Rep)
Sen. Barrasso (WY Rep)
S.J. 203 None A joint resolution to propose an amendment to the Constitution of the United States relative to balancing the budget Bill Text Study Guide
Sen. Rounds (SD Rep)
Sen. Kennedy (LA Rep)
Sen. Cruz (TX Rep)
S. 332 The Border Security Wall Act of 2020 A bill to appropriate sufficient funds for the construction of a border wall between the United States and Mexico, and for other purposes Bill Text Study Guide
Sen. Cruz (TX Rep)
Sen. Lee (UT Rep)
S.J. 376 None A joint resolution proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States relative to limiting the number of terms that a Member of Congress may serve Bill Text Study Guide
Sen. Cruz (TX Rep)
Sen. Tillis (NC Rep)
S. 1093 The School Security Act of 2020 A bill to amend the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 to strengthen school security Bill Text Study Guide

Democratic Party Bills

Principal Co-sponsor(s) Bill no. Short Title Official Title Bill Text Study Guide
Sen. Feinstein (CA Dem)
Sen. Murphy (CT Dem)
Sen. Blumenthal (CT Dem)
S. 121 None A bill to require a background check for every firearm sale Bill Text Study Guide
Sen. Booker (NJ Dem)
Sen. Cardin (MD Dem)
S. 349 The Rehabilitation Through Democracy Act of 2019 A bill to secure the right to vote of persons who have been incarcerated Bill Text Study Guide
Sen. Cantwell (WA Dem)
Sen. Markey (MA Dem)
Sen. Bennet (CO Dem)
S. 453 Arctic Protection Act of 2020 A bill to amend Public Law 115–97 (commonly known as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act) to prevent oil and gas exploitation in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Bill Text Study Guide
Sen. Schumer (NY Dem)
Sen. Markey (MA Dem)
Sen. Carper (DE Dem)
Sen. Merkley (OR Dem)
S. 830 The Sustainable Green Economy Act of 2020 A bill recognizing the duty of the Federal Government to address the climate change crisis, to reaffirm commitment to the Paris Agreement and for other purposes Bill Text Study Guide
Sen. Murray (WA Dem)
Sen. Harris (CA Dem)
Sen. Hirono (HI Dem)
S. 1733 None A bill to block implementation of the Executive order that restricts individuals from certain countries from entering the United States Bill Text Study Guide
Sen. Booker (NJ Dem)
Sen. Lee (CA Dem)
Sen. Brown (OH Dem)
S. 1833 The No Federal Funding for Confederate Symbols Act of 2020 A bill to prohibit the use of Federal funds for Confederate statues or symbols, and for other purposes Bill Text Study Guide
Sen. Harris (CA Dem)
Sen. Brown (OH Dem)
S. 1902 Securing America’s STEM Future Act of 2020 A bill to amend the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 to provide grants to local educational agencies to encourage girls and underrepresented minorities to pursue studies and careers in STEM fields Bill Text Study Guide

Bipartisan Bills

Principal Co-sponsor(s) Bill no. Short Title Official Title Bill Text Study Guide
Sen. Udall (NM Dem)
Sen. Paul (KY Rep)
S.58 Prevention of an Unconstitutional War with Iran Act of 2019 A bill to limit the use of funds for kinetic military operations in or against Iran Bill Text Study Guide
Sen. Gillibrand (NY Dem)
Sen. Collins (ME Rep)
Sen. Reed (RI Dem)
S. 1383 None A bill to provide for the recruitment, retention and service of transgender individuals in the Armed Forces Bill Text Study Guide
Sen. Jones (AL Dem)
Sen. Ernst (IA Rep)
Sen. Warner (VA Dem)Sen. Toomey, Pat (PA Rep)
S. 2810 The Foreign Trade Security Act of 2020 A bill to require congressional approval of action taken by the President to impose new tariffs on imports that threaten or impair national security Bill Text Study Guide
Sen. Gillibrand (NY Dem)
Sen. Cotton (AR Rep)
S. 2826 The Childcare for Military Families Act of 2020 A bill to extend the operations of the Childcare Development Centers (CDCs) of the Department of Defense and for other purposes Bill Text Study Guide

 

 

FRIDAY 17 JANUARY 2020

1330 – 1415     Registration

1415 – 1430     Opening Briefing

1430 – 1700     Briefing, Oath of Office & Party Caucuses

1615     Deadline for election of party leadership

1630     Executive Meeting: Majority Leader, Minority Leader, Majority Whip, Minority Whip, President Pro Tempore and Secretary of the Senate

1900 – 1945     Drinks Reception

1945 – 2200     Black Tie Diplomatic Dinner


SATURDAY 18 JANUARY 2020

0900      Chaplain’s Prayer & Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag of the United States

0900 – 1230     Floor Proceedings I

1230 – 1330     Buffet Lunch

1330 – 1500     Floor Proceedings II

1500 – 1545     Traditional Afternoon Tea

1545 – 1645     Floor Proceedings III

1845 – 2230     Dinner & Highland Ball


SUNDAY 19 JANUARY 2020

0900     Chaplain’s Prayer & Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag of the United States

0905 – 1230     Floor Proceedings IV

1230 – 1330     Lunch

1330 – 1430     Floor Proceedings V

1430 – 1500     Prize Giving

 

Programme is provisional and may be subject to change.

The full programme is available in the Delegate Handbook:

U.S. Senate - Delegate Handbook

Follow the links to profiles of each Senator provided by Vote Smart.

These include biographies, voting records, policy positions, ratings from pressure groups, past speeches, campaign finance records and lists of sponsored bills.

Lamar Alexander (TN Republican)

Tammy Baldwin (WI Democratic)

John Barrasso (WY Republican)

Michael Bennet (CO Democratic)

Marsha Blackburn (TN Republican)

Richard Blumenthal (CT Democratic)

Roy Blunt (MO Republican)

Cory Booker (NJ Democratic)

John Boozman (AR Republican)

Mike Braun (IN Republican)

Sherrod Brown (OH Democratic)

Richard Burr (NC Republican)

Maria Cantwell (WA Democratic)

Shelley Capito (WV Republican)

Ben Cardin (MD Democratic)

Tom Carper (DE Democratic)

Bob Casey, Jr. (PA Democratic)

Bill Cassidy (LA Republican)

Susan Collins (ME Republican)

Chris Coons (DE Democratic)

John Cornyn (TX Republican)

Catherine Cortez Masto (NV Democratic)

Tom Cotton (AR Republican)

Kevin Cramer (ND Republican)

Mike Crapo (ID Republican)

Ted Cruz (TX Republican)

Steve Daines (MT Republican)

Tammy Duckworth (IL Democratic)

Dick Durbin (IL Democratic)

Mike Enzi (WY Republican)

Joni Ernst (IA Republican)

Dianne Feinstein (CA Democratic)

Deb Fischer (NE Republican)

Cory Gardner (CO Republican)

Kirsten Gillibrand (NY Democratic)

Lindsey Graham (SC Republican)

Kamala Harris (CA Democratic)

Maggie Hassan (NH Democratic)

Josh Hawley (MO Republican)

Martin Heinrich (NM Democratic)

Mazie Hirono (HI Democratic)

John Hoeven (ND Republican)

Cindy Hyde-Smith (MS Republican)

Jim Inhofe (OK Republican)

Johnny Isakson (GA Republican)

Ron Johnson (WI Republican)

Doug Jones (AL Democratic)

Tim Kaine (VA Democratic)

John Kennedy (LA Republican)

Angus King, Jr. (ME Independent)

Amy Klobuchar (MN Democratic)

James Lankford (OK Republican)

Patrick Leahy (VT Democratic)

Mike Lee (UT Republican)

Joe Manchin III (WV Democratic)

Ed Markey (MA Democratic)

Mitch McConnell (KY Republican)

Martha McSally (AZ Republican)

Bob Menendez (NJ Democratic)

Jeff Merkley (OR Democratic)

Jerry Moran (KS Republican)

Lisa Murkowski (AK Republican)

Chris Murphy (CT Democratic)

Patty Murray (WA Democratic)

Rand Paul (KY Republican)

David Perdue (GA Republican)

Gary Peters (MI Democratic)

Rob Portman (OH Republican)

Jack Reed (RI Democratic)

James Risch (ID Republican)

Pat Roberts (KS Republican)

Mitt Romney (UT Republican)

Jacky Rosen (NV Democratic)

Mike Rounds (SD Republican)

Marco Rubio (FL Republican)

Bernie Sanders (VT Independent)

Ben Sasse (NE Republican)

Brian Schatz (HI Democratic)

Chuck Schumer (NY Democratic)

Rick Scott (FL Republican)

Tim Scott (SC Republican)

Jeanne Shaheen (NH Democratic)

Richard Shelby (AL Republican)

Kyrsten Sinema (AZ Democratic)

Tina Smith (MN Democratic)

Debbie Stabenow (MI Democratic)

Dan Sullivan (AK Republican)

Jon Tester (MT Democratic)

John Thune (SD Republican)

Thom Tillis (NC Republican)

Pat Toomey (PA Republican)

Tom Udall (NM Democratic)

Chris Van Hollen, Jr. (MD Democratic)

Mark Warner (VA Democratic)

Elizabeth Warren (MA Democratic)

Sheldon Whitehouse (RI Democratic)

Roger Wicker (MS Republican)

Ron Wyden (OR Democratic)

Todd Young (IN Republican)

U.S. Senate Delegate Handbook

The Delegate Handbook contains a detailed explanation of how the simulation will work. It includes an explanation of the rules of procedure, advice on research and preparation, and tips for tactics during the conference.

Every delegate will receive a hard copy of the Delegate Handbook at the conference.

U.S. Senate - Delegate Handbook

U.S. Senate Study Guide

The Study Guide contains a short briefing on each of the bills.

U.S. Senate - Study Guide

Rules of Procedure

The U.S. Senate uses its own rules of procedure, which are based on the Senate’s own rules together with some elements of MUN.

They are also available in the Delegate Handbook, which contains additional guidance on how the simulation will operate.

U.S. Senate - Standing Rules of the Senate

U.S. Senate - Delegate Handbook

U.S. Senate Delegate Handbook

The Delegate Handbook contains a detailed explanation of how the simulation will work. It includes an explanation of the rules of procedure, advice on research and preparation, and tips for tactics during the conference.

Every delegate will receive a hard copy of the Delegate Handbook at the conference.

U.S. Senate - Delegate Handbook