United States Senate

“The necessity of a Senate is not less indicated by the propensity of all single and numerous assemblies, to yield to the impulse of sudden and violent passions, and to be seduced by factious leaders into intemperate and pernicious resolutions” – James Madison, Federalist Paper 62 (1787)

The United States Senate offers an exciting opportunity to recreate the debate of the upper house of the American legislature.

Delegates will each research and take on the persona of one of the current members of the United States Senate. Delegates will reflect the current balance of power between the Democratic and Republican parties.

The committee will consider bills rather than resolutions, covering a range of American domestic and foreign policy issues. The bills will be drafted by the Secretariat, but individual delegates will take the role of bill sponsors with responsibility for ensuring the passage of the bill through the Senate.

Amongst the issues covered by this year’s bills are Congressional term limits, the voting rights of incarcerated people, ownership of big cats, presidential war powers and the service of transgender people in the armed forces. The simulation covers several topics relevant to A-level Government & Politics specifications.

Overview of the Simulation

The conference will begin with the oath of office and a briefing from the Secretariat.

The order that bills are debated will be determined during online Party Caucuses and polls before the conference, and alternate between Republican and Democratic choices. Senators will have to lobby their own party to receive floor time for their legislative priorities.

For the first two sessions, the Senate will meet in two smaller standing committees before assembling in full session for the remainder of the conference.

The committees are:

Senate Committee A (covering the Armed Services, Foreign Relations and the Judiciary)

Senate Committee B (covering Health, Education, Labor, Energy & Commerce)

Senators will choose which committee they would like to sit in before the conference.

The Senate will use its own rules of procedure.

Each senator will be represented by a single delegate. In a difference to last year’s conference, there will be no formal party leaders or whips.

More information about the simulation can be found in the Senate Delegate Handbook. The handbook below refers to the 2020 conference. An updated version will appear here shortly.

U.S. Senate - Delegate Handbook

The order that bills are debated will be determined in online Party Caucuses and polls before the conference, and alternate between Republican and Democratic choices. Senators will have to lobby their own party to receive floor time for their legislative priorities. There will not be time to debate all bills.

Bills used for the 2020 conference can be found at the link below:

U.S. Senate - Study Guide (2020) Docket of Bills (2020)


2021 List of Bills

The list of bills is provisional and may change significantly as a result of the November 2020 Presidential and Congressional elections.

Bill Short Title Official Title Committee Chamber
S. 1231 The Prevention of an Unconstitutional War with Iran Act of 2021 A bill to limit the use of funds for military operations in or against Iran Armed Services, Foreign Relations and the Judiciary Senate
S.J. Res. 1323 / H.J. Res. 1601 None A joint resolution proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States relative to limiting the number of terms that a Member of Congress may serve Armed Services, Foreign Relations and the Judiciary House, Senate
S. 133 / H.R. 536 The Family Planning for Servicemembers Act of 2021 A bill to direct the Secretary of Defense to provide compulsory education on family planning for members of the Armed Forces Armed Services, Foreign Relations and the Judiciary House, Senate
S. 1445 The End Purposeless Military Parades Act of 2021 A bill to prohibit the use of funds for an exhibition or parade of military forces and hardware for review by the President outside of authorized military operations or activities Armed Services, Foreign Relations and the Judiciary Senate
S. 1479 / H.R. 1918 The Rehabilitation Through Democracy Act of 2021 A bill to secure the right to vote of persons who have been incarcerated Armed Services, Foreign Relations and the Judiciary House, Senate
S. 1660 / H.R. 2791 The End Militarization of Law Enforcement Act of 2021 A bill to amend title 10, United States Code, to direct the Secretary of Defense to limit the transfer of military equipment to law enforcement agencies, and for other purposes Armed Services, Foreign Relations and the Judiciary House, Senate
S. 2409 None A bill to block implementation of the Executive order that restricts individuals from certain countries from entering the United States Armed Services, Foreign Relations and the Judiciary Senate
S. 257 / H.R. 678 None A bill to provide for the recruitment, retention and service of transgender individuals in the Armed Forces Armed Services, Foreign Relations and the Judiciary House, Senate
S. 2953 / H.R. 3166 The Abolition of the Federal Death Penalty Act of 2021 A bill to prohibit the imposition of the death penalty for any violation of Federal law Armed Services, Foreign Relations and the Judiciary House, Senate
S. Res. 376 / H. Res. 229 None A resolution calling for the United States to withhold the contribution of Federal funds to the World Health Organization until the Director-General resigns and an international commission is established to investigate the organization Armed Services, Foreign Relations and the Judiciary House, Senate
S. 970 The Huawei Intelligence Breach Prevention Act of 2021 A bill to prohibit the sharing of intelligence with countries that permit  operation of Huawei 5G telecommunications technology within their borders Armed Services, Foreign Relations and the Judiciary Senate
S. 975 / H.R. 329 The Border Security Wall Act of 2021 A bill to appropriate sufficient funds for the construction of a border wall between the United States and Mexico, and for other purposes Armed Services, Foreign Relations and the Judiciary House, Senate
S. 1158 / H.R. 1966 The Keeping All Children Safe Act of 2021 A bill to prohibit the use of seclusion and limit the use of physical restraint in schools Health, Education, Labor, Energy & Commerce House, Senate
S. 1456 / H.R. 2155 None A bill to require a background check for every firearm sale Health, Education, Labor, Energy & Commerce House, Senate
S. 194 The No Federal Funding for Confederate Symbols Act of 2021 A bill to prohibit the use of Federal funds for Confederate statues or symbols, and for other purposes Health, Education, Labor, Energy & Commerce Senate
S. 2015 / H.R. 2343 The Protecting Life & Ending Taxpayer Funded Abortions Act of 2021 A bill to prohibit Federal funding to entities that do not certify that they will not perform or fund entities that perform abortions including ending Federal funding of the Planned Parenthood Federation of America Health, Education, Labor, Energy & Commerce House, Senate
S. 2217 / H.R. 1868 The Truthful Labelling of Meat Imitations Act of 2021 A bill to amend the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act to ensure that consumers can make informed decisions in choosing between meat products and imitation meat products, and for other purposes Health, Education, Labor, Energy & Commerce House, Senate
S. Res. 230 / H. Res. 104 None A resolution calling for the designation of Antifa as a domestic terrorist organization. Health, Education, Labor, Energy & Commerce House, Senate
S. 2488 The Prenatal Non-Discrimination Act of 2021 A bill to prohibit discrimination against the unborn on the basis of sex, and for other purposes Health, Education, Labor, Energy & Commerce Senate
S. 26 / H.R. 153 The Police Accountability Act of 2021 A bill to provide grants to State and local law enforcement agencies to acquire body-worn cameras and for other purposes Health, Education, Labor, Energy & Commerce House, Senate
S. 463 The Foreign Trade Security Act of 2021 A bill to require congressional approval of action taken by the President to impose new tariffs on imports that threaten or impair national security Health, Education, Labor, Energy & Commerce Senate
S. 597 The English Language Unity Act of 2021 A bill to declare English as the official language of the United States and for other purposes Health, Education, Labor, Energy & Commerce Senate
S. 637 / H.R. 2227 The Big Cat Public Safety Act of 2021 A bill to amend the Lacey Act Amendments of 1981 to clarify provisions enacted by the Captive Wildlife Safety Act, to further the conservation of certain wildlife species, and for other purposes Health, Education, Labor, Energy & Commerce House, Senate
S. 74 / H.R. 28 Arctic Protection Act of 2021 A bill to amend Public Law 115–97 (commonly known as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act) to prevent oil and gas exploitation in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Health, Education, Labor, Energy & Commerce House, Senate

FRIDAY 22 JANUARY 2021

1300 – 1345     Registration

1345 – 1400     Opening Briefing

1400 – 1415     Committee Briefings

1415 – 1420     U.S. Senate / House of Representatives: Oaths of Office

1420 – 1700     U.S. Senate / House of Representatives: Standing Committees Meeting I

1900 – 1945     Drinks Reception

1945 – 2200     Black Tie Diplomatic Dinner


SATURDAY 23 JANUARY 2021

0900 – 1230     U.S. Senate / House of Representatives: Standing Committees Meeting II

1230 – 1330     Lunch

1330 – 1645    U.S. Senate / House of Representatives: Floor Proceedings I

1845 – 2230     Dinner & Highland Ball

All morning and afternoon sessions include a 30 minute tea break.


SUNDAY 24 JANUARY 2021

0830 – 1230    U.S. Senate / House of Representatives: Floor Proceedings II

1230 – 1330     Lunch

1330 – 1500    U.S. Senate / House of Representatives: Floor Proceedings III

1500 – 1530     Prize Giving

All morning and afternoon sessions include a 30 minute tea break.

Programme is provisional and may be subject to change. All events are dependent on the status of infection control regulations.

Follow the links to profiles of each Senator provided by Vote Smart.

These include biographies, voting records, policy positions, ratings from pressure groups, past speeches, campaign finance records and lists of sponsored bills.

This list will be updated in November to reflect the results of the Congressional elections.

Lamar Alexander (TN Republican)

Tammy Baldwin (WI Democratic)

John Barrasso (WY Republican)

Michael Bennet (CO Democratic)

Marsha Blackburn (TN Republican)

Richard Blumenthal (CT Democratic)

Roy Blunt (MO Republican)

Cory Booker (NJ Democratic)

John Boozman (AR Republican)

Mike Braun (IN Republican)

Sherrod Brown (OH Democratic)

Richard Burr (NC Republican)

Maria Cantwell (WA Democratic)

Shelley Capito (WV Republican)

Ben Cardin (MD Democratic)

Tom Carper (DE Democratic)

Bob Casey, Jr. (PA Democratic)

Bill Cassidy (LA Republican)

Susan Collins (ME Republican)

Chris Coons (DE Democratic)

John Cornyn (TX Republican)

Catherine Cortez Masto (NV Democratic)

Tom Cotton (AR Republican)

Kevin Cramer (ND Republican)

Mike Crapo (ID Republican)

Ted Cruz (TX Republican)

Steve Daines (MT Republican)

Tammy Duckworth (IL Democratic)

Dick Durbin (IL Democratic)

Mike Enzi (WY Republican)

Joni Ernst (IA Republican)

Dianne Feinstein (CA Democratic)

Deb Fischer (NE Republican)

Cory Gardner (CO Republican)

Kirsten Gillibrand (NY Democratic)

Lindsey Graham (SC Republican)

Kamala Harris (CA Democratic)

Maggie Hassan (NH Democratic)

Josh Hawley (MO Republican)

Martin Heinrich (NM Democratic)

Mazie Hirono (HI Democratic)

John Hoeven (ND Republican)

Cindy Hyde-Smith (MS Republican)

Jim Inhofe (OK Republican)

Johnny Isakson (GA Republican)

Ron Johnson (WI Republican)

Doug Jones (AL Democratic)

Tim Kaine (VA Democratic)

John Kennedy (LA Republican)

Angus King, Jr. (ME Independent)

Amy Klobuchar (MN Democratic)

James Lankford (OK Republican)

Patrick Leahy (VT Democratic)

Mike Lee (UT Republican)

Joe Manchin III (WV Democratic)

Ed Markey (MA Democratic)

Mitch McConnell (KY Republican)

Martha McSally (AZ Republican)

Bob Menendez (NJ Democratic)

Jeff Merkley (OR Democratic)

Jerry Moran (KS Republican)

Lisa Murkowski (AK Republican)

Chris Murphy (CT Democratic)

Patty Murray (WA Democratic)

Rand Paul (KY Republican)

David Perdue (GA Republican)

Gary Peters (MI Democratic)

Rob Portman (OH Republican)

Jack Reed (RI Democratic)

James Risch (ID Republican)

Pat Roberts (KS Republican)

Mitt Romney (UT Republican)

Jacky Rosen (NV Democratic)

Mike Rounds (SD Republican)

Marco Rubio (FL Republican)

Bernie Sanders (VT Independent)

Ben Sasse (NE Republican)

Brian Schatz (HI Democratic)

Chuck Schumer (NY Democratic)

Rick Scott (FL Republican)

Tim Scott (SC Republican)

Jeanne Shaheen (NH Democratic)

Richard Shelby (AL Republican)

Kyrsten Sinema (AZ Democratic)

Tina Smith (MN Democratic)

Debbie Stabenow (MI Democratic)

Dan Sullivan (AK Republican)

Jon Tester (MT Democratic)

John Thune (SD Republican)

Thom Tillis (NC Republican)

Pat Toomey (PA Republican)

Tom Udall (NM Democratic)

Chris Van Hollen, Jr. (MD Democratic)

Mark Warner (VA Democratic)

Elizabeth Warren (MA Democratic)

Sheldon Whitehouse (RI Democratic)

Roger Wicker (MS Republican)

Ron Wyden (OR Democratic)

Todd Young (IN Republican)

These resources are for the 2020 conference. Materials for the 2021 conference will appear here shortly.

U.S. Senate Delegate Handbook

The Delegate Handbook contains a detailed explanation of how the simulation will work. It includes an explanation of the rules of procedure, advice on research and preparation, and tips for tactics during the conference.

Every delegate will receive a hard copy of the Delegate Handbook at the conference.

U.S. Senate - Delegate Handbook

U.S. Senate Study Guide

The Study Guide contains a short briefing on each of the bills.

U.S. Senate - Study Guide (2020)

Rules of Procedure

The U.S. Senate uses its own rules of procedure, which are based on the Senate’s own rules together with some elements of MUN.

They are also available in the Delegate Handbook, which contains additional guidance on how the simulation will operate.

U.S. Senate - Standing Rules of the Senate

U.S. Senate - Delegate Handbook

U.S. Senate Delegate Handbook

The Delegate Handbook contains a detailed explanation of how the simulation will work. It includes an explanation of the rules of procedure, advice on research and preparation, and tips for tactics during the conference.

Every delegate will receive a hard copy of the Delegate Handbook at the conference.

The handbook below is for the 2020 conference. Materials for the 2021 conference will appear here shortly.

U.S. Senate - Delegate Handbook